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Birding or Ornithology Itineraries
 
Experiencechile.org is able to organise group bird watching itineraries for real enthusiasts as per your own dates, or you can join one of our set dates (see below). Chile is absolutely full of bird life and offers areas of natural wilderness where birds of varying variety flourish in their natural hibitat.
The Chilean Altiplano (the High Plateau of the Andes Mountains)
in the Northern Atacama Desert
 
This itinerary involves very high altitude (above 4,000mt) and can cause health problems for those who are unaccustomed to such high altitude.
 
The Atacama Desert, located in the extreme north of Chile, is the driest desert in the world, since there are places where no rain has ever fallen. In spite of this, its coastline and transversal valleys have considerable biodiversity as the species that live there have made the necessary adaptations in order to survive in this environment. Moreover, migratory birds from the Northern Hemisphere spend the northern winter here. The city of Arica is an excellent starting point for the exploration of the birds of the extreme North of Chile.
 
We will travel inland, climbing higher, and cross the desert in order to reach the Andean foothills. This environment receives its humidity from the Amazon region and is covered by bushes and offers shelter to diverse species of animals. The village of Putre will serve as our base for a few days, while we visit environmental sites located on higher altitudes.
 
We will reach the Altiplano (high plateau), which lies above 4,000m (13,100 ft). The ethnic group of the Aymara lives here in little villages. We will find diverse environments, like grasslands, brush and wetlands, each with their very specific birds which have adapted to the rigors of the climate. The harsh environmental conditions with very low temperatures (below zero even in summer) at night and high temperatures and high solar radiation during the day have contributed to the creation of a particularly attractive fauna.
 
Itinerary
Day 1. Welcome to Chile1
Arrival and reception of passengers at Santiago International Airport and transfer to the hotel. After check-in, the passengers will have a few hours of spare time to settle in and take a rest from the flight. We will meet in the evening in order to get acquainted, have dinner and talk about our forthcoming trip. Overnight stay in Santiago.
*If some people are specifically interested in spending their spare time bird watching, we could take an interested trip into the Andes around Santiago.
 
Day 2. Arica
Very early in the morning we will fly to Arica, arriving at midday. We will visit the river Lluta wetlands delta, the Azapa valley, and go to the coast at sunset. Our aim is to see the following birds, for example: Band-tailed Gull, Grey Gull, Elegant Tern, Inca Tern, Oasis Hummingbird, Peruvian Sheartail, Cinereous Conebill, Slender-billed Finch and Peruvian Meadowlark. Overnight stay in Arica.
 
Day 3. Arica and Putre
Today we will start our excursion at the coast and then travel on to the river Lluta valley. If necessary we will make a short detour to the Azapa valley. Later we will continue to the village of Putre in our search for birds like the Peruvian Booby, Peruvian Thick-knee, Blackish Oystercatcher, Grey Gull, Elegant Tern, Inca Tern, Croaking Ground-Dover, Andean Swift, Greyish Miner, Seaside Cinclodes (endemic), Blue-Black Grassquit, Chestnut throated Seedeater and Peruvian Meadowlark. Overnight stay in Putre.
 
Day 4. Putre and Parinacota
We will spend the morning in the environs of Putre, looking for the birds typical of the foothills. Later we will go up to Portezuelo de Putre where the environment changes and the Altiplano (high plateau) species appear, and then drive on to the wet grasslands of Parinacota (4,000m; 13,100 ft), located in the Lauca National Park . Among the birds to see in this area are: the Ornate Tinamou, Andean Goose, Aplomado Falcon, Giant Coot, Andean Flicker, Bare-faced Ground Dove, White-throated Earthcreeper, Plain-breasted Earthcreeper, Streaked Tit-Spinetail, Puna, Ground-Tyrant, Blue-and-Yellow Tanager, Golden-billed Saltator, White-throated Sierra-Finch, White-winged Diuca-Finch, and some mammals like the Vicuña and the Vizcacha (a rodent-like rabbit). Overnight stay in Putre.
 
Day 5. Surire Salt flat
This will be a long and interesting day. We will visit the Surire salt flat (4,200m; 13,800 ft), where the three species of Flamingos to be found in Chile live. We will also see other species that are highly adapted to this hostile environment, such as the Lesser Rhea, Andean Flamingo, James’s Flamingo, Chilean Flamingo, Andean Avocet, Puna Plover, Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe, Andean Swallow, Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant and White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant. Overnight stay in Putre.
 
Day 6. Lake Chungará
On our last day, we will travel to Lake Chungará, the highest lake on earth, located at an altitude of 4,600m (15,000 ft), and in spite of this, is teeming with life. As usual, we will stop on the road as often as necessary in order to observe particular species like the Silvery Grebe, White-tufted Grebe, Ruddy Duck, Puna Teal, Andean Coot, Giant Coot, Andean Lapwing, Andean Gull, Plain-breasted Earthcreeper, Black-headed Sierra-Finch, Plumbeous Sierra-Finch and Black Siskin. After midday we will return to Arica and from there fly back to Santiago. Overnight stay in Santiago.
 
Day 7. End of the programme
 
After a good night’s rest and a nice breakfast, the trip will end with check out and transfer to the airport, if requested.
 
Duration: 7 days / 6 nights Start / End: Santiago / Santiago
Restrictions:
We will stay above 3,600m (11,800ft) for 5 days, and occasionally climb to 4,600m (15,000ft).
Some people might feel affected by the altitude.
Climate: Hot climate in Arica.
The climate turns cold at higher altitudes, especially at night, with sporadic rain.
Dates: The rainy season is in January and February, with possible landslides.
The dry season is between June and August, but it tends to be very cold during those months.
Minimum People: Two
Potential Species: 208
Outstanding:
1.     A trip through parallel 18,5ºS, from sea level to an altitude of 4,600m (15,000ft), through various environments where life unfolds.
2.     On the coast and in the lowlands: the endemic Seaside Cinclodes, the Grey Gull, the Inca Tern, one of the most beautiful terns in the world, and the Peruvian Thick-knee.
3.     Possibility of seeing five species of hummingbirds (Sparkling Violet-ear, Andean Hillstar, Oasis Hummingbird, Peruvian Sheartail, Giant Hummingbird and, if we are lucky, the rare Chilean Woodstar).
4.     The three species of Flamingo (Chilean, Andean, James’s) living in the south of South America.
5.     Birds from the Andean environment, like the Puna Ibis, Andean Avocet and the Puna Plover, the Giant Coot, Andean Coot and the Andean Gull.
6.     Highly specialised mammals, such as Llama, Alpaca, Guanaco and Vicuña, as well as the Vizcacha, a rodent-like rabbit of the Andes.

The Birds of the Silent Land: Atacama
 
The city of San Pedro de Atacama is located in the north of Chile, between the desert and the foothills of the Andes. It is populated by the Atacama ethnic group. This race of shepherds and peasants achieved considerable cultural development before the arrival of the Incas in the 14th century. We will set up our camp in this oasis, which is the meeting point of various environments, which will enable us to get to know birds from the desert and the Andes mountain range.
The privileged location of the town will allow us to visit various environments that are very different from each other, and we will even get close to the border with Bolivia and Argentina in our search for local birds. Our trip will take us to locations over 4.000m above sea level, with majestic landscapes and where magnificent birds have adapted surprisingly well to such adverse living conditions.
Our trip will lead us to a diversity of environments like the biggest salt flat in Chile, rivers and lakes located at altitudes of over 4.000m and wetlands close to them, where we will find a wide range of wildlife.
 
Itinerary
Day 1. Welcome to Chile
Arrival and reception of passengers at Santiago International Airport and transfer to the hotel. After check-in, the passengers will have a few hours of spare time to settle in and take a rest from the flight1. We will meet in the evening in order to get acquainted, have dinner and talk about our forthcoming trip. Overnight stay in Santiago.
*Upon special request, we can start the program on day 2
 
Day 2. Calama – San Pedro de Atacama
We will take an early flight to Calama, from where we will continue by road to San Pedro de Atacama, our centre of operations for the next few days. After arriving at our hotel and a short rest, we will look at local birds in the environs of the city, hoping to see the West-Peruvian Dove, Chiguanco Thrush, American Kestrel and others. Overnight stay in San Pedro de Atacama.
 
Day 3. Atacama Salt flat – Miscanti-Miñiques Lakes
This will be a long and interesting day. Very early in the morning we will visit the Atacama salt flat. We will be able to see the three flamingo species living there, the Chilean Flamingo, the Andean Flamingo and the James’s Flamingo, as well as the Andean Avocet and the Puna Plover. Later we will continue to the Miscanti and Miñiques Lakes in search of the Horned Coot, the Andean Gull and other high altitude birds like the Hooded Siskin, Greenish Yellow-Finch, Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch and others. Overnight stay in San Pedro de Atacama.
 
Day 4. Wetlands of the Altiplano (High-plateau)
Today we will focus on Altiplanico wetland birds. We will travel up into the mountains, reaching 4.500m, on our way there, we will stop more than once, hoping to spot the Andean Goose, Chilean Flamingo, Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe, Golden-spotted Ground-Dove, Creamy-rumped Miner, Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant and Red-backed Sierra-Finch. If we are lucky, we might even find the Puna Snipe. Overnight stay in San Pedro de Atacama.
 
Day 5. Cacti and wet grasslands
Today we will go north through little gulches and wetlands in search of birds like the Cordilleran Canastero, Scale-throated Earthcreeper, Mountain Caracara, Andean Negrito and, with a little luck, the Mountain Parakeet. At the end of the day we will visit a sector where Echynopsis Cacti grow, giving shape to beautifully surreal hillsides. Overnight stay in San Pedro de Atacama.
 
Day 6. Return to Santiago
Early in the morning we will visit the Quebrada de Jerez (Jerez Gulch), an oasis in the middle of the desert, where we hope to see our last birds on this trip. Around midday we will return to Calama to take the flight back to Santiago. Overnight stay in Santiago.
 
Day 7. End of Programme
After a good night’s rest and a nice breakfast, the trip will end with check out and the transfer to the airport.
 
Duration: 7 days / 6 nights Start / End: Santiago / Santiago
Restrictions:
The trip takes place at over 2,500m (8,200ft) above sea level, with 2 excursions to 4,000m (13,100 ft)
above sea level.
Climate: Hot in San Pedro de Atacama, cold in higher locations, especially at nightfall.
Dates: The rainy season is in January and February, with possible landslides.
The dry season in between June and August, but it tends to be very cold during those months.
Minimum Participants: 2
Potential Species: 97
Outstanding:
1.     Visit to the Atacama salt flat, the biggest in Chile, and the surrounding desert, considered to be the driest in the world.
2.     On the Andean lakes you can see the Horned Coot, which is only found in the Altiplano, as well as the Andean Avocet and the Puna Plover.
3.     The Red-backed Sierra-Finch, is found exclusively in this sector of the Andes of Chile, Bolivia and Argentina.
4.     The three flamingo species of the south of South-America: Chilean, Andean and James’s.
5.     The rare and surprising Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe and Puna Snipe.
6.      
.
The Birds in the Heart of Chile (between the Andes and Pacific Ocean)
 
The central region of Chile is very narrow, between 90 and 170km wide. In this region, the high, snow-capped Andes mountain range coexists with the rivers and estuaries that form the valleys used for agriculture, and with the coast. The cold Humboldt Current flows through the Pacific Ocean. In this diversity of environments we find a great variety of birds ranging from species specially adapted to mountainous regions to those who fly tirelessly over the waves of the Pacific Ocean. In the valleys and hillsides of the Andean foothills we find Mediterranean birds, including some very interesting endemic species. The coastline also has migratory species from North America, which, come to the South American coast during the northern winter to gather the energy they require for next season’s reproduction cycle.
 
This trip will give you a fairly complete overview of the birds of Chile, since most of the species present in Chile can be found in this region, with the obvious exception of the species found exclusively in the north or in the south of the country.
 
Itinerary
Day 1. Welcome to Chile 1
Arrival and reception of passengers at Santiago International Airport and transfer to the hotel. After check-in, the passengers will have a few hours of spare time to settle in and take a rest from the flight. We will meet in the evening in order to get acquainted, have dinner and talk about our forthcoming trip. Overnight stay in Santiago.
*Upon special request, we can start the program on day 2
 
Day 2. Introduction to the Central Andes
On the first day, we will make a trip to the mountains that surround the city looking for birds of the central Andes. We will head for Farellones, a ski resort located in the Andes. We will be looking for birds that inhabit the foothills like the endemic Chilean Tinamou, Dusky-tailed Canastero, Moustached Turca, and Chilean Mockingbird. As we climb higher, we will see Andean birds like the Andean Condor, the national bird of Chile, Mountain Caracara, Grey-breasted Seedsnipe, White-sided Hillstar, Scaled-throated Earthcreeper, three different Ground-Tyrants (White-browed, Rufous-naped, and Black-fronted) and Greater Yellow-Finch among others. Overnight stay in Santiago.
 
Day 3. El Yeso Reservoir
On our second morning, we will leave for El Yeso Reservoir, located deep in the Andes Mountains. Here, we will observe the different environments of the central Chilean Andean range: high altitude bogs, lakes, rivers and grasslands. We will be looking for birds that inhabit the foothills and the mountains, like the Crested Duck, Speckled Teal, Torrent Duck, Diademed-Sandpiper- Plover, South American Snipe, Gray-breasted Seedsnipe, Crag Chilia (endemic), and White-browed Ground Tyrant among others. Overnight stay in Santiago.
 
Day 4. Wetlands and Coastal birds
We will dedicate this day to waterfowl and other coastal birds, and a long trip will be necessary. We will visit wetlands near Santiago and many lagoons on the coast, one of which is the well-known natural sanctuary “Laguna El Peral”. At various specific points on the road we will also try to spot shorebirds and waterfowls like the White-tufted Grebe, Silvery Grebe, Great Grebe, Black-necked Swan, Stripe-backed Bittern, Black Vulture. Plumbeous Rail, South American Painted-Snipe, American Oystercatcher, Grey Gull, Warbling Doradito and Many-colored Rush-Tyrant. Overnight stay in Vina del Mar.
 
Day 5. Trip to Humboldt Current and its birds
We will start our expedition early and leave the hotel at about six in the morning in order to sail the waters of the Humboldt Current. This is one of the marine currents with the highest biological productivity, and originates in Antarctica. It is very cold and very rich in nutrients; this attracts many sea birds as well as marine mammals to the South American Pacific coast. We will find birds like the Northern Royal Albatross, Black-browed Albatross, Buller’s Albatross, Salvin’s Albatross, Southern Giant Petrel, Southern Fulmar, Juan Fernandez Petrel, White-chinned Petrel, Westland Petrel, Pink-footed Shearwater, Elliot’s Storm-Petrel, Peruvian Diving-Petrel and Humboldt Penguin among others. After our sail, we will drive to a Humboldt Penguin colony and will see other birds like the endemic Seaside Cinclodes. Overnight stay in Santiago.
 
Day 6. End of programme
After a good night’s rest and a nice breakfast, the trip will end with check out and transfer to the airport, if requested.
 
Duration: 6 days / 5 nights Start / End: Santiago / Santiago
Restrictions: Possibility of seasickness on the day of the boat trip.
Climate: Mediterranean climate, it might be cold, but not extremely in the Andes.
Dates: From September to March
Minimum Participants: 2
Potential Species: 228
 
Outstanding:
1.     A trip that combines sailing on the Pacific Ocean with an excursion in the Andes of central Chile.
2.     The possibility of seeing seven endemic species: Moustached Turca, White-throated Tapaculo, Crag Chilia, Chilean Mockingbird, Dusty-tailed Canastero, Chilean Tinamou and Seaside Cinclodes.
3.     The most beautiful bird in the Andes of central Chile, the Diademed Sandpiper-Plover.
4.     In the mountains, the Andean Condor, the national bird of Chile.
5.     In the wetlands we can find the Black-necked Swan, Stripe-backed Bittern, South American Painted-Snipe, Warbling Doradito and Many-colored Rush-Tyrant.
6.     During our sailing trip on the Humboldt Current we might see, the Northern Royal Albatross, Black-browed Albatross, Salvin’s Albatross, Southern Fulmar, White-chinned Petrel, Westland Petrel, Pink-footed Shearwater, Peruvian Diving-Petrel and Humboldt Penguin.
 
The Andean Birds of Central Chile
 
The Andes Mountains are very young, as you can deduce from their steep slopes and sharp snow covered peaks. In Chile’s central region the mountains are particularly craggy and the valleys are narrow and normally defined by narrow rivers. In winter, the Andes of central Chile are completely covered by snow and only a few species, like the Andean Condor and the Mountain Caracara, remain there. The majority of the birds migrate to the north. Some of them even reach the Peruvian Andes. Other species merely descend to a lower altitude so as to avoid the snow.
 
But in spring, life starts afresh and many birds return to take advantage of the various environments offered by the Andes. This is the best season to watch them from fields, ravines, fertile lowlands, lakes and grasslands, where recently returned species start their reproductive period and raise their young.
 
Itinerary
Day 1. Welcome to Chile 1
Arrival and reception of passengers at Santiago International Airport and transfer to the hotel. After check-in, the passengers will have a few hours of spare time to settle in and take a rest from the flight. We will meet in the evening in order to get acquainted, have dinner and talk about our forthcoming trip. Overnight stay in Santiago.
*Upon special request, we can start the program on day 2
 
Day 2. Farellones
On the first day, we will make a trip to the mountains that surround the city of Santiago. We will go to Farellones, a well-known ski resort located at an altitude of 2,500 m (8,200 ft) above sea level. Along the road, we will look out for birds common to the central valley and the Andean foothills, and we will later focus on mountain birds. We will try to spot birds like the endemic Chilean Tinamou, Dusty-tailed Canastero, Moustached Turca and Chilean Mockingbird, and also the Andean Condor, Mountain Caracara, White-sided Hillstar, Scale-throated Earthcreeper, Slender-billed Canastero and Cordilleran Canastero. Overnight stay in Santiago.
 
Day 3. El Yeso
Early in the morning we will leave for El Yeso, located deep in the Andes. Here we will visit diverse mountain environments such as fertile fields, lakes, rivers and high altitude grasslands. Each location will provide us with different species, namely the Crested Duck, Speckled Teal, Torrent Duck, Diademed Sandpiper-Plover, South American Snipe, Gray-brested Seedsnipe, Crag Chilia (endemic), Greater Yellow-Finch and three species of Ground-Tyrants (White-browed, Black-fronted, Ochre-naped). Overnight stay in Santiago.
 
Day 4. End of programme
After a good night’s rest and a nice breakfast, the trip will end with check out and transfer to the airport, if requested.
 
Duration: 4 days / 3 nights Start / End: Santiago / Santiago
Restrictions: Altitude above 2,500m (8,200ft)
Climate: Mediterranean climate, in the Andes it may get cold, but not in reach extreme temperatures.
Minimum Participants: 2
Potential Species: 103
Outstanding:
1.     Travel to the Andes of central Chile and its impressive landscape.
2.     Possibility of seeing five endemic species: Chilean Tinamou, Moustached Turca, Crag Chilia, Dusky-tailed Canastero and Chilean Mockingbird.
3.     The Andean Condor, soaring over the Andes.
4.     The most beautiful bird in the Andes: the Diademed Sandpiper-Plover.
5.     Three to six different Ground-Tyrants: White-browed, Black-fronted, Ochre-naped, Rufous-naped, Cinereous and Spot-billed.
 
Pelagic Birds – Trip to the Humboldt Current and its Birdlife
 
Itinerary
Day 1. Welcome to Chile 1
Arrival and reception of passengers at Santiago International Airport and transfer to the hotel. After check-in, the passengers will have a few hours of spare time to settle in and take a rest from the flight. We will meet in the evening in order to get acquainted, have dinner and talk about our forthcoming trip. Overnight stay in Santiago.
*If some people are specifically interested in spending their spare time bird watching, we could take an interested trip into the Andes around Santiago.

Day 2. Sailing in the Humboldt Current
The up welling system of the Humboldt Current is one of the most productive in the world. It originates near Antarctica and runs north to the Equator. It is cold and rich in nutrients and contains a high diversity of invertebrates and fishes, all of which support several sea birds as well as marine mammals. In these rich waters it is possible to find a variety of pelagic birds flying in large numbers and many coastal birds nearer to the coast. The list frequently includes Black-browed Albatross, Salvin’s Albatross, Northern Royal Albatross, Buller’s Albatross and sometimes even Northern Buller’s Albatross and Chatham’s Albatross. The Pink-footed Shearwater, the White-chinned Petrel, and the Westland Petrel are very common as are also the Northern Giant Petrel and the Southern Giant Petrel, Chilean Skua, the very interesting Peruvian Diving-Petrel and the Storm Petrels - Wilson’s and Elliot’s - are frequently seen. Sometimes the Juan Fernandez Petrel and Masatierra Petrel come to our boat. These are some examples from a total of 50 or more potential species. In the afternoon, once we have returned to the coast and had lunch, we could head to the north along the coast to observe a Humboldt Penguin colony and look for other birds like the endemic Seaside Cinclodes.. We will return to Santiago at the end of the day.
 
Day 3. End of programme
After a good night’s rest and a nice breakfast, the trip will end.
 
Duration: 3 days / 2 nights, with 6 – 7 hours sailing
Start / End: Viña del Mar / Santiago or Viña del Mar / Viña del Mar
Restrictions: Seasickness. Adverse climate conditions may lead to port authority not allowing the boat to set sail.
Climate: Even in summer it could be cool, rainy and windy in the morning. A rain jacket is a must.
Dates: On request, all year round.
Minimum Participants: 2
Potential Species: 139 (Including not only pelagic birds).
Outstanding:
1.     Navigation on the Humboldt Current, one of the most important in the Southern Hemisphere.
2.     Many Albatross, like Northern Royal, Black-browed, Buller’s, Northern Buller’s, Salvin’s and Chatham’s.
3.     Pelagic birds, like Northern Giant Petrel, Southern Giant Petrel, Masatierra Petrel, Juan Fernandez Petrel, White-chinned Petrel, Westland Petrel, Pink-footed Shearwater, Peruvian Diving-Petrel, Chilean Skua and Humboldt Penguin.
4.     Visit to a Humboldt Penguin colony.
5.     During the sailing trip it is possible to see sea mammals, such as sea lions and dolphins.
 
Forest Birds – Temuco and Chillan
This zone marks the transition between the Mediterranean forests and brush, characteristic of Central Chile, and the evergreen temperate rain forest typical of the south of the country. The scenery is dominated by two mountain ranges which stretch parallel to each other from north to south: the Andes and the Coastal mountain range. Both are covered by dense deciduous oak forests and in the mountainous zone near Temuco, by surprising Araucarias (Monkey-Puzzle Trees), which are capable of growing on volcanic soil of virtually no nutritional value. We will also visit the coastal sector of Temuco and then continue north to the Mediterranean forests of Chillán and later to the coast of Concepción. This trip will give us the opportunity to observe a variety of birds, including the noisy Tapaculos, an interesting South American group.
Itinerary
Day 1. Welcome to Chile1
Arrival and reception of passengers at Santiago International Airport and transfer to the hotel. After check-in, the passengers will have a few hours of spare time to settle in and take a rest from the flight. We will meet in the evening in order to get acquainted, have dinner and talk about our forthcoming trip. Overnight stay in Santiago.
 
Day 2-3. Araucanía Region: Temuco and Conguillio National Park
After breakfast we will fly to Temuco, from where we will head to a forested sector and later to the coastal wetlands, looking out for birds common to these environments. On the third day we will visit Conguillio National Park, hoping to find some typical species and enjoying the spectacular scenery with Monkey-Puzzle trees and the effects of volcanic eruptions. On these two days we will try to spot the Brown-hooded Gull, Two-banded Plover, Snowy-crowned Tern, Chilean Pigeon, Slender-billed Parakeet (e), Magellanic Woodpecker, Black-throated Huet-huet, Chucao Tapaculo, Ochre-flanked Tapaculo, Magellanic Tapaculo, Thorn-tailed Rayadito, Des Mur’s Wiretail, White-throated Treerunner and the Spectacled Tyrant. We will also look for the rare Hellmayr’s Pipit. At nightfall on the third day we will head north to the foothills of Chillán. Overnight stay in Temuco (night 2) and Chillán (night 3).
 
Day 4. Termas de Chillán (Chillán hot springs)
Today we will focus on a few very interesting species. Our principal objective will be to locate the elusive Chestnut-throated Huet-huet, which is practically endemic, since there is only an extremely reduced population in Argentina. In addition, we could spot the Chilean Hawk, Magellanic Woodpecker, Magellanic Tapaculo, White-crested Elaenia, and with a little luck at night the Rufous-legged Owl, which can be normally heard but not seen. Overnight stay in the sector of Termas de Chillán.
 
Day 5. Concepción
In the morning we could either have another look at particularly attractive species or head directly for Concepción, from where we will fly back to Santiago. On the way to Concepción we will visit coastal wetlands trying to find the Brown-hooded Gull, Red-legged Cormorant, Guanay Cormorant, Spot-flanked Gallinule, Spectacled Tyrant, Grass Wren, Wren-like Rushbird, Elegant Tern, South American Tern and Snowy-crowned Tern.
 
Day 6. End of Programme
After a good night’s rest and a nice breakfast, the trip will end with check out and the transfer to the airport.

Duration:
6 days / 5 nights Start / End: Santiago / Santiago
Restrictions: No restrictions
Climate: Mediterranean climate. Chilly at night, possibly rain.
Dates: From September to March
Minimum Participants: 2
Potential Species: 182
Outstanding:
1.     This programme includes a visit to the impressive Monkey-Puzzle (Araucaria) forest in Conguillio National Park.
2.     Four endemic birds are possible: Chilean Mockingbird, Slender-billed Parakeet, Chilean Tinamou and Seaside Cinclodes.
3.     Five species of Tapaculo: Chestnut-throated Huet-huet, Black-throated Huet-huet, Magellanic Tapaculo, Chucao Tapaculo and Ochre-flanked Tapaculo.
4.     One of the biggest woodpeckers in America, the Magellanic Woodpecker.
1 If some people were interested in spending their spare time bird watching, we could take an interesting trip into the Andes around Santiago.
 
Birds of the Temperate Rainforest – From Puyehue to Chiloe
 
The main characteristics of the south of Chile are its evergreen, cold and rainy forests. The effects of volcanic eruptions, which have formed its geography, are still evident. This region is also defined by the eternal presence of the Pacific Ocean, supplier of vast amounts of rain during almost the whole year. Rain is the main climatic feature of this region, but fortunately it falls only sporadically in spring and summer.
The influence of the Pacific Ocean and the Humboldt Current are evident on Chiloé Island, both in terms of landscape and human activities. The rain and the impact of the sea and its tides are evident, since they create specific environments populated by wildlife associated to the moderate rain forest and the coastline. In this mixed region, where forest and sea merge and in some places almost melt into each other, we will look for a variety of birds that include Andean, coastal and sea varieties.
 
Itinerary
Day 1. Welcome to Chile1
Arrival and reception of passengers at Santiago International Airport and transfer to the hotel. After check-in, the passengers will have a few hours of spare time to settle in and take a rest from the flight. We will meet in the evening in order to get acquainted, have dinner and talk about our forthcoming trip. Overnight stay in Santiago.
*If some people are specifically interested in spending their spare time bird watching, we could take an interested trip into the Andes around Santiago.
 
Day 2. Puyehue National Park
Early in the morning we will fly to Osorno and after a two-hour drive, reach Puyehue National Park. In this forest area we will try to find birds that are typical of this environment, like the Black-throated Huet-huet, Chucao Tapaculo and Magellanic Tapaculo. Later in the day we will look out for the Torrent Duck, Southern Caracara, Chilean Pigeon, Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant and Yellow-bridled Finch and possibly also the Magellanic Woodpecker and the Slender-billed Parakeet (endemic). Overnight stay at Termas de Puyehue (Puyehue hot springs).
 
Day 3. Chiloé Island
Early in the morning we will take another look at Puyehue National Park in order to complete the visit of the previous day. Then we will head to the Island of Chiloé and take advantage of the crossing of the Chacao Channel by watching seabirds, such as the Pink-footed Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater, Black-bellied Storm-Petrel, Magellanic Diving-Petrel, Red-Legged Cormorant, Imperial Cormorant and South American Tern. On this day we also hope to see the Black-necked Swan, Flightless Steamer-Duck, American Oystercatcher, Hudsonian Godwit, Silvery Grebe, Dark-bellied Cinclodes and the surprising Des Mur’s Wiretail. With a little luck we will get to see the Ringed Kingfisher, perched near a lake. Overnight stay in Ancud.
 
Day 4. Pacific Coast of Chiloé
Today we will travel to the coast of Chiloé, taking time to visit wetlands, wooded and coastal areas on the way. We will look for species like the Des Mur’s Wiretail, Thorn-tailed Rayadito, Chilean Flicker, Chiloé Wigeon, Brown-hooded Gull and Magellanic Tapaculo. Later we will reach a place where it is possible to find Magellanic Penguin, Flightless Steamer-Duck, Blackish Oystercatcher, Kelp Goose,